Battle of Monterey Pass

Battle of Monterey Pass

Fought during the retreat of Gettysburg, the Battle of Monterey Pass is the second largest Civil War battle fought on Pennsylvania soil with 10,000 from both Union and Confederate forces. The fight took place in the late hours of July 4, 1863 and the early hours of July 5, 1863 during solid darkness and a torrential downpour on a precarious mountainside, spanning two states and four counties.

After the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee was faced with returning troops, supplies, artillery, wagons, and wounded across South Mountain to Virginia. From July 3 to July 6, the retreating Confederate troops moved across South Mountain. There were two routes the Confederate army took.  One was along the Chambersburg Pike to Cashtown, onto Greenwood—today known as Fayetteville—and south to Hagerstown. A shorter route traveled winding mountain roads through Fairfield Gap and across Monterey Pass to Hagerstown.

A twenty-mile train of Conestoga-style wagons retreated on the longer route through Cashtown and was led by Brigadier General John Imboden. With so much rain, there was much mud. The multitude and weight of the wagons made an arduous and long retreat.

The exodus via the shorter route through Fairfield Gap and across Monterey Pass did not escape the terrible impacts of the rain. Men marched on flooded roads and thick mud. In many Confederate soldier’s diaries and letters, it was referred to as Mount Misery or the quagmire. The conditions made night travel even more dangerous because visibility was so limited.

On July 4, Union troops led by General Judson Kirkpatrick removed the Confederate sentries at Fairfield and were able to advance toward Monterey Pass. Brigadier General George Custer charged the Confederates with the 6th Michigan Cavalry, allowing Kilpatrick’s men to reach and attack the wagon train. Ultimately, the Union forces captured more than 1300 Confederate men and destroyed nine miles of wagons.

Today, the site of the battle is along PA Route 16, just east of Waynesboro. The battlefield land is preserved by the local municipality, Washington Township, and houses the Monterey Pass Battlefield Museum, open weekends from April to November. The museum interprets Civil War history, depicts details of the Battle of Monterey Pass, and portrays the historical significance of the region.

Allison Antrim Museum Features Peggy Ann Bradnick Jackson at November 21 Meeting

Allison Antrim Museum Features Peggy Ann Bradnick Jackson at November 21 Meeting

Allison-Antrim Museum’s 2017 Holiday meeting and dinner will be held at Blue Heron Events, 407
South Washington Street, Greencastle, on Tuesday, November 21. Blue Heron’s doors will be open at 6
pm with the meal being served at 6:30 pm. The meeting and dinner are both open to the public.

The guest speaker is Peggy Ann Bradnick Jackson. On May 11, 1966, Peggy Ann, 17 years old, was
kidnapped at gunpoint, after getting off her school bus in Shade Gap, PA. This act of terror, by a severely
mentally ill man, William Diller Hollenbaugh, known locally as Bicycle Pete, triggered an eight-day saga
for Peggy Ann, during which she was chained to Hollenbaugh, beaten, forced to walk 300 to 400 miles,
became malnourished and dehydrated, saw Hollenbaugh exhibit 23 different personalities, and watched as
he shot at the people trying to rescue her. Hollenbaugh killed one man – FBI agent Terry Anderson.

At this point in time, in May 1966, it was the largest manhunt in Pennsylvania, which drew national attention,
bringing reporters from the three major networks to Shade Gap – about 42 miles from Greencastle. On the
eighth day, Hollenbaugh unfastened Peggy from himself. He was shot and killed from a helicopter and
Peggy was rescued, ending a nightmare that was viewed nationally in black and white. Peggy Ann returned
to school, graduated, and is now married to Albert Jackson, from Wisconsin. The public is invited to attend
and to hear Peggy Ann tell her story of being kidnapped and how it changed her life.

The menu will include roasted rosemary and lemon turkey with stuffing and gravy, herb roasted beef with
horseradish, butter whipped, mashed potatoes, tossed salad with dried cranberries, mixed vegetables, baked
corn, yeast rolls, beverage (water with lime, iced tea, Blue Heron Blend coffee, or sparkling lemonade), egg
custard fruit tarts, or chocolate peanut butter pie for $20 per person, which includes tax and gratuity. The
meal will be served at 6:30 pm.

Dinner reservations and payments are required by Friday, November 17. Please make checks payable to
Allison-Antrim Museum, 365 South Ridge Avenue, Greencastle, PA 17225-1157 OR, one may make
reservations and pay via PayPal at: http://greencastlemuseum.org/holiday-dinner.html. Your PayPal receipt
is your ticket; please bring it with you to the dinner. PayPal accepts credit cards. For more information,
please call the museum at 717-597-9010 or visit www.greencastlemuseum.org, Facebook, or on Twitter
@greencastlemuzm.