Join Monterey Pass Battlefield on May 15-16 for Infantry and Artillery demonstrations daily by the 2nd Maryland Artillery and 2nd Maryland Infantry Co. D, who maintain the traditions of the “Independent Greys” * of the Civil War. Modern day Independent Greys are “living history campaigners” who teach about Confederate Marylanders’ roles in the Civil War. They strive to re-create the best impressions of Marylanders possible based on research and documentation. In addition, we’ll be joined by John Galie, resident Monterey Pass battlefield guide, who will conduct walking tours of the battlefield.
The name “Independent Greys” was used by several Maryland Militia infantry companies that formed a battalion within the 53rd Maryland Militia Regiment from 1859-1861. Shortly after the Baltimore Riot on April 19, 1861, it was clear Maryland would not secede. Most “53rd” members being pro “South”, the unit dissolved. Many went to Virginia to serve. Over 25,000 Marylanders served in the Confederate Army and found themselves serving in Virginia Regiments since Maryland, as a state, never seceded. Some of these units were known as Independent Greys. The 2nd MD Artillery, also known as the Baltimore Light Artillery, served in the Army of Northern VA primarily with Cavalry units until the end of the war.
Artillery Demos: Daily 10am & 2pm
Infantry Reenactments: Sat 9:30am & 2:30pm Sun 9:30am & 1:30pm
Camp Life Open to Visit: Sat 9:30am – 5pm Sun 9:30am – 2pm
Did you know the second largest Civil War battle in Pennsylvania was partially fought in Franklin County? Monterey Pass Battlefield Park and Museum is a historic and beautiful site to learn more about the Battle of Monterey Pass. Take a hike on the trails envisioning the battle as you see the rock outcrops and rugged roadways. Trails are fully interpretive and include stops that tell the story of the battle. Benches along the trail allow a few moments of reflection. Driving tours also help to tell the story of this Civil War battle.
The Battle of Monterey Pass occurred during the Confederate retreat from Gettysburg on July 4, 1863. The retreat included a wagon train of wounded soldiers. The Confederates opened fire on the Union Calvary starting one of the most confusing and chaotic battles of the Civil War. Occurring at night during a thunderstorm, soldiers could only see their enemies when either the muzzle of their gun or the lightning flashed. Steep and narrow mountain passes caused horses and wagons to fall over the edge of cliffs, helping to ensure Union victory. The battle was the only Civil War battle to be fought in both Pennsylvania and Maryland.
Located in Blue Ridge Summit, Franklin County PA, the Monterey Pass Battlefield Park is a short drive from Gettysburg and many other Civil War Battlefields. Once COVID19 restrictions are lifted, the park offers a modern playground as well as a museum housing battle artifacts and information.